ANGLO - MYSORE WARS ( 1767-1799)
Fought between: Mysore and the British East India Company
MYsore was a powerful state under Haider Ali . in 1769 the first mysore anglo - mysore war was fought in which haider ali defeated the British and Treaty of Madras was signed between them. Haider Ali occupied almost the whole of Carnatic.
Warren Hastings attacked French port Maine which was in Haider Ali’s territory . Haider Ali led a Joint front With Nizam and marathas and captured Arcot (Capital of CarnatIc State) . in July 1781 haider ali was defeated at proto novo by EYRE COOTE and saved madras . In December 1782 after the death at HaIderAiI the war was carried on by His son Tipu Sultan. Treaty of mangalore was singed by tipu sultan in march 1784 . which ended the second anglo - mysore war .
This war was fought between Tipu Sultan and English began in 1789 and ended in Tipu‘s defeat in 1792. in this war, Marathas and Nizam aided the British and Cornwallis captured Bangalore. This war was ended by signing of Treaty of Seringapatnam, between Tipu Sultan and Lord Cornwallis. in this treaty. Tipu ceded half of his territories and two of his son’s as hostages of WAR.
In 1799 the British Army Led by Lord Wellesley attacked and defeated Tpu Sultan in a brief but fierce wartHe met a heroic end on 4th May 1399 white defending his capital Seringapatnam.
POINTS TO PONDER :
|FIRST WAR||1767 -1769||TREATY OF MADRAS||Haider ali defeated the british|
|SECOND WAR||1780- 1784||TREATY OF MANGALORE||Haider ali defeated at porto novo by eyre coote .|
|THIRD WAR||1789-1792||TREATY OF SERINGPATNAM||Tipu sultan defeated by lord cornwallis|
|FOURTH WAR||1799||NONE||Tipu sultan defeatd by lord wellesley|